Considering the growing world population, it was necessary to keep up with the developments in industry in the field of agriculture and in parallel; development continued in the field of agriculture.
On the other hand, the use of the Internet in many areas and, in fact, the widespread use of the phrase “Internet of things” began to create the fourth industrial revolution, and this revolution was called Industry 4.0.
The most basic feature of the time interval during which the first revolution took place, defined as December 1.0, is that productivity and the mode of production in which labor predominate prevail to a small extent. towards the end of the 1950s, synthetic pesticides, fertilizers and machines that provide greater effects brought production costs to lower levels and thus the Agricultural 2.0 time December called the “Green Revolution” emerged. Yesildirim. With low costs and new applications, there has been an increase in productivity in agriculture. With the opening of GPS signals to everyone in the 1990s, the Agriculture 3.0 process was named together with the concept of “Precision Agriculture” in the 1990s. Along with GPS technology, manual routing applications, monitoring and tracking of the fertilization process, especially with VRA (Variable Rate Application) systems applied to harvesting machines, have emerged as prominent technology systems applied during this period.
after 2011, it was announced that for the first time in Germany, Industry 4.0, information technologies and industry will work together, production will be implemented with maximum efficiency with integrated computer systems, and artificial intelligence will be at the forefront of the industrial stage will be entered. In a parallel process similar to the revolution experienced in industry with Industry 4.0, the agricultural sector has started to experience. Traditional agriculture is insufficient to meet the needs of the growing population, increasing environmental pollution from agricultural production, an obligation to provide agricultural sustainability, and food safety reasons such as necessitated new approaches in agricultural production. For this reason, the use of smart technologies that are on the rise in agricultural production has also been raised. Smart Agriculture is an agricultural management concept that uses modern technology to improve the yield and quality of agricultural products. Especially information and capital are very important for smart agricultural technologies. Intelligent agriculture is knowledge-based agricultural production, the philosophy of which is to produce by managing the heterogeneity of nature. In the US, 80% of farmers use smart agricultural technologies, while in Europe this figure is about 24%. The strong growth in the US Sunday is due to the high rate of adoption of technologies by farmers in the USA.
Recent research by the McKinsey Global Institute shows that the agricultural sector has the lowest digital penetration rate compared to any industrial sector. Although the agricultural sector is far behind in productivity and the addition of new services, it demonstrates the need to accelerate the digital transformation in agriculture without wasting time.
According to the report of the IBM Food and Agriculture Organization in previous years, we have to produce 70% more food since 2006 to meet the food needs of the growing world population in 2050. Naturally, the necessity to produce higher quality, lower cost and more food has arisen. To meet this demand, governments, farmers and agricultural companies in order to produce more and more efficient and Agricultural Industry 4.0 4.0 solutions on the Internet of objects must turn to the formation takes place.
Technological innovation is not a new concept for agriculture. Portable gadgets became a standard hundreds of years before that. With the industrial revolutions, chemical fertilizers, tractors and even satellite images began to be used in agriculture. The transition of agriculture to the next level is taking place through the Internet of things. High-tech agriculture is Dec rapidly thanks to drones and sensors in smart agriculture, which has become widespread among farmers. It is a great reality that internet of things (IoT) applications in agriculture will help farmers meet world food demands in the coming years.
With precise and intelligent agricultural practices, farmers have started to use some high-tech agricultural techniques and technologies to improve the efficiency of their daily work. For example, sensors installed in agricultural areas allow farmers to obtain detailed information about the topography and resources in the region, as well as variables such as soil acidity and temperature. They also have access to climate forecasts to predict weather conditions over the coming days and weeks.